Fluid retention (edema) occurs when the fluid is not removed from the body tissues, including skin. Causes include the body’s reaction to hot weather, high salt intake, and hormones associated with the menstrual cycle.
Symptoms include swelling of body parts like feet, hands and ankles, feeling of stiffness or pain and weight fluctuations. Drink plenty of water will actually help fluid retention. Fluid retention may be a sign of disease, including kidney disease, heart failure, chronic lung disease, arthritis or allergic reactions.
Regular fluid leakage from the blood into body tissues. The lymphatic system is a network of tubes throughout the body that drains this fluid (called lymph) from tissues and empties back into the bloodstream. Fluid retention (edema) occurs when the fluid is not removed from the network.
Two broad categories of general edema fluid retention, when swelling occurs throughout the body, and local edema when exposed to certain body parts.
Various causes including the body’s reaction to hot weather, high salt intake, and hormones associated with the menstrual cycle. However, it is recommended that you see your doctor rather than taking care of yourself, because edema can be symptoms of serious medical conditions like heart disease, kidney or liver.
Symptoms of fluid retention include:
Swelling of the affected body part
* The legs, ankles and hands are commonly affected
* Parts of the body exposed to sick
* The joints may feel stiff
* Rapid weight gain over several days or weeks
* Unexplained weight fluctuations
* When pressed, the skin may hold the indent for a few seconds (pitting edema)
* In other cases, the skin may not indent when pressed (non-pitting edema).
Some common causes of a lot of fluid retention, among others:
* Gravity – standing for long periods of time allows the liquid ‘pool’ in the tissues of the lower leg.
* Hot weather – the body tends to be less efficient in removing fluid from tissues during the summer months.
* Burns – including sunburn. Skin retain fluid and swell in response to burn injury.
* Menstrual cycle – some women experience edema in the two weeks before menstruation.
* Pregnancy – hormones encourage the body to hold the excess liquid.
* Birth control pills – oral contraceptives that include estrogen can trigger fluid retention.
* Dietary deficiency – such as insufficient protein or vitamin B1 (thiamine) in the diet.
* Drugs – certain drugs, including high blood pressure medications (antihypertensives), corticosteroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are known to cause fluid retention.
* Chronic venous insufficiency – weakened valves in the veins of the legs fail to efficiently return blood to the heart. Blood pooling can cause varicose veins.
Fluid retention may be a symptom of serious underlying conditions, including:
* Kidney disease – such as nephrotic syndrome and acute glomerulonephritis
* Heart failure – if the heart is not pumping effectively, the body compensates in various ways. He began to retain fluid and increase blood volume. This causes congestion of blood vessels, liver enlargement, and fluid accumulation in body cavities like the abdominal cavity (ascites) and in subcutaneous tissue, causing swelling (edema) in legs
* Chronic lung disease – such as severe emphysema, which puts excessive pressure on the right ventricle of the heart, causing failure
* Liver disease – such as severe cirrhosis that triggers liver failure
* Malignant lymphoedema – cancerous tumors that block the structure of the lymphatic system, such as the lymph nodes
* Thyroid disease – such as hypothyroidism
* Arthritis – joints affected by some types of arthritis tend to swell with fluid
* Allergic reactions – in susceptible people, the body tends to swell in response to certain allergens: for example, insect bites. In some cases, severe reactions (anaphylaxis) and requires urgent medical attention. The swelling is short-lived rather than ongoing.
Treatment for fluid retention depends on the cause, treatment may include:
* Diets low in salt
* Diuretics (water pills)
* Treatment for an underlying medical condition: for example, hormone replacement (thyroxine) in the case of hypothyroidism
* Lifestyle changes in response to an underlying medical condition: for example, avoiding alcohol if liver disease is the cause
* Changes in medications or dosage, if drugs are the cause
* Adjustment of diet, if malnutrition is the cause
* Continuing medical supervision
* Assist as support stockings.
Fluid retention (edema) occurs when the fluid is not removed from the body tissues, including skin.